Fossil angiosperm wood: its role in the reconstruction of biodiversity and palaeoenvironment

first_imgFossil wood is subject to different taphonomic, sampling and recognition biases in the palaeobotanical record when compared with leaves and palynomorphs. Wood therefore provides a systematically independent source of information that can increase our knowledge of past biodiversity and environments. Increase in fossil wood records from Cretaceous and Tertiary sediments helps further the understanding of trends in anatomical specialization through geological time. These data can then be used to distinguish such specialization from anatomical response to environmental change. Two case studies, a Late Cretaceous early Tertian’ wood flora from Antarctica and a lower Tertiary w ood flora from southern England, have been used to exemplify the importance of studying the fossil wood component of palaeofloras.last_img read more

Third Coast Midstream to sell Lavaca gas gathering system to Starwood Energy

first_img Image: Starwood Energy to acquire Lavaca gas gathering system from Third Coast Midstream. Photo: courtesy of Michal Jarmoluk/Pixabay. US-based Starwood Energy Group Global has agreed to acquire gas gathering system from Third Coast Midstream for an undisclosed price.Based in and around Lavaca County, Texas, the gathering business assets consist of more than 418km of natural gas gathering pipes and connected infrastructure.The system supplies gathering and artificial gas lift services to local upstream customers focused on oil and gas production in the Eagle Ford.Starwood Energy CEO Himanshu Saxena said: “The Lavaca system represents a unique opportunity to own a critical piece of Eagle Ford gathering infrastructure.“The business mix of gas gathering and artificial gas lift results in a more stable cash flow profile for the asset and fits well within our overall strategy.“The Third Coast team has built a great business and we are looking forward to continuing to provide exceptional service to our customers as we look to expand the system and grow our midstream platform.”For the transaction, Vinson & Elkins acted as legal advisor to Starwood while Gibson, Dunn & Crutcher served as a legal advocate to Third Coast.Third Coast President and CEO Matt Rowland said: “Our Eagle Ford natural gas infrastructure platform has grown significantly since we acquired it in 2014.“We expect that with Starwood’s established infrastructure experience and financial strength, the system will continue that growth in a safe, efficient manner.“This transaction follows Third Coast’s previously announced divestitures as part of Third Coast’s strategic repositioning to focus on its core Gulf of Mexico infrastructure assets.”Basalt acquired natural gas transmission business from Third Coast Midstream in OctoberIn October, a fund managed by Basalt Infrastructure Partners II announced that it has entered into a definitive agreement to acquire Third Coast Midstream’s natural gas transmission business.The natural gas transmission business consists of 7 regulated natural gas lateral pipelines with total capacity of more than 1,600 MDth per day, stretching nearly 885km. The lateral pipelines are connected to 8 major long-haul pipelines, supplying gas to customers across Louisiana, Alabama, Mississippi, Tennessee and Arkansas. Located in and around Lavaca County, Texas, the gathering business assets consist of more than 418km of natural gas gathering pipes and connected infrastructurelast_img read more

HMAS Perth ready for Operation MANITOU

first_img Share this article Back to overview,Home naval-today HMAS Perth ready for Operation MANITOU HMAS Perth ready for Operation MANITOU April 28, 2016 Training & Educationcenter_img View post tag: HMAS Perth View post tag: Royal Australian Navy HMAS Perth has successfully completed an intense training and assessment phase prior to the ship deploying in support of Operation MANITOU.The period culminated in Perth being declared ‘mission ready’ by Commodore Training, Commodore Michael Rothwell recently.Perth has spent the past few weeks aggressively defending herself against air, surface and sub-surface threats as well as responding to asymmetric attacks from small boats and land-based missile strikes. A highlight of the mission rehearsal training was the support provided by the Australian Special Air Service Regiment who employed boats to create high-threat encounters. The scenarios became increasingly complex with work-up events testing competing and conflicting self protection, damage control, boarding, aviation and casualty management demands.Given the scope of Perth’s mission, a considerable emphasis was placed on boarding operations. Boarding Officer, Lieutenant Tim Russell-Cook said the ship was now in the final stages of preparing for deployment.“The last few months have been challenging with little opportunity for respite,” Lieutenant Russell-Cook said.“However, our hard work has really paid off and I’m very proud of what Perth and our Boarding Team have achieved. “Now well-trained, I’m really looking forward to facing some exciting and rewarding professional challenges for which we are well equipped and fully prepared.” Commodore Rothwell said that it was a pleasure to be on Perth and see the team in action.“Be under no illusion, you will be deploying to one of the most dangerous regions in the world. That said, you are fully-prepared to undertake this mission,” Commodore Rothwell said.“I am extremely impressed by your enthusiasm, attitude and your sense of spirit and teamwork. It was a great performance from the entire Perth team.”In the final week of their assessment, Perth also hosted a visit by Major General Stuart Smith, Deputy Chief of Joint Operations.HMAS Perth will be the first anti-ship missile defence upgraded Anzac frigate to deploy to the Middle East will also deploy with Australia’s first MH-60R Seahawk helicopter flight.Currently supporting the delivery of Marine Technician training as part of Plan Meteor, Perth returned to Fleet Base West at the end of April for pre-deployment preparations prior to departing in early June.The assignment will be as the 63rd rotation of a Royal Australian Navy vessel to the Middle East since the early 1990s.Image: Australian Navylast_img read more

Electric tunnel sparks anger

first_imgConstruction has begun on a tunnel under the city which will provide extra electricity for the university’s labs.The first phase of the 33kv cable’s life began last week at Osney Island and will involve tunnelling under the River Thames, Park End Street, Gloucester Street and St Giles. The project will take three and a half months. Local citizens have complained about the disruption caused by the drilling, with one family even having their water supply cut off by engineers.City councillor Susanna Pressell said the lack of information given to residents about the work was “disgraceful”, but the University has maintained that the work is necessary in order to meet the power demands of the science area for the next fifty years.last_img

Vote Leave hold public meeting at St Hugh’s

first_img“This is not about the people that are already here paying into our economy. It’s about looking to the future.”Chris Grayling“For the next generation, for those of you who are students in this room it really matters to you. How on earth are we going to deal with an already very difficult housing situation in this country if we are bringing into Britain every year a city the size of Newcastle? Yes, if we stay in the European Union we cannot limit flows of immigration to this country.”Grayling dismissed the idea that any students would be deported, and said, “One of the things being put out by the other side is that somehow [all your European friends will] have to go home. That does not happen… There are clear international conventions that are under the United Nations, not under the European Union, that say if migration rules change you can’t deport somebody afterwards. And we wouldn’t want to. This is not about the people that are already here paying into our economy. It’s about looking to the future.”Carswell noted that everyone in Oxford has received the government’s recent pro-EU leaflet. “The government can spend £9.3 million and deliver one of those to every household in the country by simply pushing a few buttons. But when we do it, we need an army of leafleters to deliver it. They spent more on that one leaflet than Vote Leave is allowed to spend in the entire campaign.”Liz St Clair, an organising member of Vote Leave, commented, “We’re working with various groups all over the country including in London, Oxford, Reading, Southampton. We’ve got strong student teams active for Leave under both Vote Leave and Students for Britain.”An attending representative of Oxford students for Britain, the Eurosceptic counterpart to Oxford Students for Europe, told Cherwell, “I think that much of what was discussed here was of real importance in coming to understand our oft vexed relationship with Europe. The high turnout was very heartening for the Eurosceptic cause that OSfB promotes.“Students for Britain is a really nice group of friends, working our hardest to spread our Eurosceptic ideals to the student body at large.”Grayling was a last minute replacement for John Whittingdale, Secretary of State for Culture, Media and Sport, who was under pressure over an alleged relationship with a sex worker. House of Commons  leader Chris Grayling and UKIP MP Douglas Carswell led a Vote Leave public meeting in St Hugh’s College on Saturday. Addressing a crowd of over 150 people, including many activists and volunteers, they presented the case for leaving and stressed the need for more volunteers and donations.“We’re having to say no to doctors from India and engineers from Singapore and we can’t say no to people with criminal records from Eastern Europe. It’s an absurd system and we need to take back control.”Douglas CarswellVote Leave was designated the official leave campaign last week. It is a cross-party platform chaired by Labour MP Gisela Stewart and featuring members from UKIP and the Conservative party. There was also a member of Liberal Leave attending the public meeting.Carswell’s opening speech focused on the need to reclaim border controls, the £350 million sent to the EU each week and the lack of democracy in the EU.He claimed that open borders hurt the university, “Oxford University needs to be able to attract the brightest and the best… But look at the effects of the immigration system. We’re having to say no to doctors from India and engineers from Singapore and we can’t say no to people with criminal records from Eastern Europe. It’s an absurd system and we need to take back control.”Grayling targeted Oxford students regarding a ‘housing crisis’ in the UK, “The official statisticians of this country are saying that our population is going to rise over the next twenty years from 63 million to around 80 million. I do not believe we can possibly sustain an increase in population that big…We don’t have the houses.last_img read more

“Readers Forum” March 17, 2018

first_imgWe hope that today’s “Readers Forum” will provoke honest and open dialogue concerning issues that we, as responsible citizens of this community, need to address in a rational and responsible way?WHATS ON YOUR MIND TODAY?Todays “Readers Poll” question is: Do you feel that our elected officials should demand that a forensic audit should be conducted on all the ECHO funds earmarked to help the disadvantaged?Please take time and read our articles entitled “STATEHOUSE Files, CHANNEL 44 NEWS, LAW ENFORCEMENT, READERS POLL, BIRTHDAYS, HOT JOBS” and “LOCAL SPORTS”.  You now are able to subscribe to get the CCO daily.If you would like to advertise on the CCO please contact us [email protected] 2015 City-County Observer. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten or redistributed.FacebookTwitterCopy LinkEmailSharelast_img read more

Next issue 22 August

first_imgl Hot beveragesWe take a special look at hot drinks for cafés and bakery retailers, with some exclusive market research, expert tips on retailing and machinery optionsl ChristmasIt’s time to plan for the biggest sales season on the bakers’ calendar, with insights from supermarket buyers and ingredients suppliersl Interiors: serve-overs/shelvingHow to get the most from your shop fittings and refit on a budget in tight timeslast_img

Bob Weir Will Be Honored As The First-Ever Les Paul Spirit Award Recipient

first_imgThe Les Paul Foundation has just created a brand new program to honor musicians who exemplify the spirit of guitar innovator Les Paul, and the first-ever award will be given to none other than Grateful Dead guitarist Bob Weir. Les Paul famously created his own brand of guitars and performed for countless years, and the Les Paul Spirit Award was just created in his honor to recognize artists who push the boundaries in engineering, technology, and music.Weir, who currently plays guitar with Dead & Company and operates TRI Studios, is a fitting choice for the award. Few bands are as innovative as the Grateful Dead. The award will be presented to Weir at this year’s Bonnaroo Music and Arts Festival.“I cannot think of anyone more fitting to be honored with the first annual Les Paul Spirit Award than Bob Weir. Not only is he an extraordinary talent who has given us an amazing array of legendary music, but he is an innovator who understands music, technologies and the spirit of Les Paul,” said Michael Braunstein, executive director of the Les Paul Foundation. “If Les were still alive today, I have absolutely no doubt that he and Bob would be experimenting together at TRI Studios or at Les’ house and the results would be extraordinary.”Congrats Bobby! Dead & Company’s summer tour begins this Friday, June 10th, in North Carolina.last_img read more

Eradicating malaria a tall order

first_imgPublic health analysts expressed doubt Monday (April 25) that eradicating malaria is an attainable goal, saying the difficulty of doing so may put that out of reach despite the global effort now under way.The discussion during a roundtable event at the Barker Center was held to mark the fourth World Malaria Day, which commemorates the worldwide movement to distribute bed nets, improve access to testing and treatment, and engage local governments in eliminating malaria.Global anti-malaria efforts have ramped up considerably in recent years. A call by philanthropists Bill and Melinda Gates in 2007 set eradication as a target and generated a lot of excitement in the field. Today, there are several major anti-malaria efforts, including that of the Gates Foundation, the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria, and the Roll Back Malaria Partnership. The Roll Back Malaria Partnership unveiled its Global Malaria Action Plan in 2008, with a goal of dramatically reducing malaria’s impact on social and economic development by 2015, with global eradication a longer-term goal. The partnership has 500 members, including governments, nonprofit organizations, and businesses.Despite those efforts, malaria remains a global killer, taking the lives of nearly 1 million people in 2008 and sickening 247 million. African children under age 5 are particularly susceptible to the disease. Malaria accounts for 20 percent of all childhood deaths on the continent, with a child dying at the rate of every 45 seconds, according to the World Health Organization (WHO).The roundtable, sponsored by the Harvard Malaria Initiative and several University student groups, is one of several events marking World Malaria Day, including a benefit concert on May 4, the proceeds of which will fund student efforts against the disease, including a travel award to be established through the Malaria Initiative.The event brought together Barry Bloom, former dean of the Harvard School of Public Health (HSPH); Marcia de Castro, assistant professor of demography at HSPH; Professor of Public Policy Amitabh Chandra of Harvard Kennedy School; Günther Fink, assistant professor of international health economics at HSPH; Jeremy Greene, assistant professor of the history of science in the Faculty of Arts and Sciences and instructor in medicine at Harvard Medical School; Amy Bei, a postdoctoral fellow at HSPH; and David Sengeh, a former Harvard undergraduate and current graduate student at Massachusetts Institute of Technology. Stefanie Friedhoff of the Nieman Foundation moderated the event.Panelists acknowledged the difficult challenge of eradicating malaria, with several expressing skepticism that it’s possible. Bloom said he doesn’t know anyone in public health who will take the risk and say eradication will definitely happen.Even so, panelists said that eradication is an aspirational goal, aimed at getting political and public action pointed at a serious worldwide problem. Calling for eradication invokes urgency, Greene said. When asked about efforts to control the parasite versus eradicating it, participants described a continuum of anti-malaria efforts.“Control can have various endpoints,” Fink said. “You can look at eradication as really successful control.”Eradication is theoretically possible because the malaria parasite needs a human host to reproduce. That means that if the disease is eliminated in humans, there’s no animal reservoir from which people could be re-infected. Of course, with malaria occurring in 106 countries, many of which have poor health infrastructures, achieving the goal remains an enormous task.Panelist David Sengeh said that local people would be key to the eradication effort. Only if they buy into the goal will the effort reach all the areas where malaria remains a problem.Sengeh, who comes from Sierra Leone, said that local people would be key to the eradication effort. Only if they buy into the goal will the effort reach all the areas where malaria remains a problem. Even if that is done, however, cost is an issue. One estimate is that effective anti-malaria efforts will cost more than $4 billion a year.While that is a hefty sum, Chandra said it is a manageable number when the whole picture of health spending and international aid is considered. For instance, that is a small amount compared with overall U.S. health spending, Chandra said, and is just a tenth of what is spent on aid to Africa in a year.“That’s what we spend on health care in four days in the U.S.,” Chandra said. “That number is within our grasp.”Chandra said that many of the hurdles to be overcome are not scientific, but social. Effectively delivering care and preventive measures such as bed nets and insecticidal spraying is a big problem.Still, Bloom said people shouldn’t discount the potential of scientific advances. Anti-malarial drugs remain limited, Bloom said, and mosquitoes are developing resistance to the insecticides used to keep their populations down. In addition, anti-malaria campaigns are being waged without an effective vaccine.Even after a nation eliminates malaria, vigilance is needed, participants said, as all it takes is reintroduction from a neighboring country to spread the disease again.Participants discussed the prospect of the campaign’s falling short, saying some “failures” don’t look as bad as others. The failure of the WHO’s first malaria eradication campaign, waged from 1955 through the 1960s, was disastrous and had an enormous impact, causing realignment of global health priorities, Bloom said. On the other hand, the “failure” of the WHO’s “3 by 5” campaign, which sought to get anti-retroviral drugs to 3 million AIDS patients in poor countries by 2005, wasn’t so bad. The effort provided an enormous impetus to provide AIDS drugs to those who had no access to them and took just another three years for the goal to be reached.last_img read more