For the second year in a row, Lost Lake Music Festival will return to Phoenix, Arizona at Steele Indian School Park from October 19 – 21, 2018. Hosted by the co-creators of Bonnaroo and Outside Lands, Lost Lake Music Festival will see headlining performances from Imagine Dragons, Future, The Chainsmokers, and SZA.The festival’s lineup will also feature performances by Janelle Monáe, Nas, Jimmy Eat World, Café Tacvba, Young Thug, Grizzly Bear, A$AP Ferg, Third Eye Blind, Louis The Child, Lil Dicky, T-Pain, Kamasi Washington, and many more. The full artist lineup, listed below, is a diverse mix that also highlights local and regional musical acts. Additionally, Lost Lake will bring to life an all-new SuperJam featuring a curated group of artists and musicians who will perform together for a once-in-a-lifetime collaboration. Details of the Lost Lake Music Festival SuperJam are TBD.Tickets to Lost Lake Music Festival go on sale Friday, April 27 at 10 a.m. PDT on the festival’s website. 2018 Lost Lake Music Festival LineupImagine DragonsFutureThe ChainsmokersSZAJanelle MonáeNasJimmy Eat WorldCafé TacvbaYoung ThugGrizzly BearA$AP FergThird Eye BlindLouis the ChildLil DickyT-PainKamasi WashingtonQuinn XCIIMaggie RogersSOB X RBEHippie SabotageSt. LuciaChicano BatmanCashmere CatWhitneyMijaRa Ra RiotPhoebe BridgersRavyn LenaeCucoInjury ReserveColony HouseSasha SloanDurand Jones & The IndicationsLydiaThe MaríasJared & the MillThe TechnicolorsPhoenix Afrobeat OrchestraPlayboy ManbabyDonna MissalThe ChamanasUpsahlNanami OzoneView Full Lineup
The National Humanities Center (NHC) recently named Harvard’s Suzannah Clark, Gardner Cowles Associate Professor of Music, and James Engell, Gurney Professor of English Literature and professor of comparative literature, among the 2010-11 class of 36 distinguished scholars.The fellows, from institutions across the United States and countries around the world, will work on a wide array of projects and represent more than 20 fields of humanistic scholarship, including history, literature, philosophy, anthropology, art history, Asian studies, classics, Islamic studies, Judaic studies, and musicology.Clark and Engell were chosen from a pool of 442 applicants, and will be the 18th and 19th scholars from Harvard to be named NHC Fellows. For 2010-11, the NHC is awarding nearly $1.3 million in individual fellowship grants to enable scholars to take leave from their normal academic duties and pursue research at the center, located at the Research Triangle Park of North Carolina.During the year fellows will work on an individual research project and will have the opportunity to share ideas in seminars, lectures, and conferences at the NHC.The newly appointed fellows will constitute the 33rd class of resident scholars to be admitted since the center opened in 1978.
Read Full Story The American Repertory Theater’s upcoming production of Cabaret has inspired The Brattle Theatre to present a film series this weekend that are connected to the Kander and Ebb musical Cabaret based on the stories by Christopher Isherwood. The A.R.T. production (featuring Dresden Doll Amanda Palmer) opens on August 31st and runs through October 29.The films shown at the Brattle between Friday, August 27 and Sunday, August 29 include Kander and Ebb’s musicals Chicago and New York New York, Bob Fosse’s All that Jazz, The Threepenny Opera with the legendary Lotte Lenya, Christopher Isherwood’s adaptation The Loved One, and his novel A Single Man, made into a recent film by Tom Ford; and Chris & Don: A Love Story – a film about Isherwood himself. For tickets and further information, contact www.brattlefilm.org.
For many Americans, Sept. 11, 2001, evokes memories of confusion and sadness, a stunned sense of the world not being what it once was. For Jennifer Page Hughes, those feelings were all too familiar, from an earlier time in 1996.Hughes was preparing to graduate from high school on Boston’s North Shore the year her father died. While walking the family dog on a cold spring Saturday, he fell through the ice on a local pond and drowned.“It’s not something you ever imagine will happen,” said Hughes, now a counselor at Harvard’s Bureau of Study Counsel (BSC). Her father was simply there that morning — as she headed out the door to meet friends at the mall — and then he wasn’t. A loss of that nature, she said, “feels chaotic.”Since then, she has found meaning in her own senseless tragedy by working to mitigate and confront the pain of grief on a much broader scale. Her clients include not just Harvard undergraduate and graduate students at the BSC, but the families of some 9/11 victims.“I’ve made meaning of my own tragic loss by helping others going through painful experiences in their own lives,” she said.Hughes began to confront and understand her own grieving process during her sophomore year at Williams College. Her grades had begun to slip, and a running injury sidelined her career on the track team.“Not having that outlet of literally running away forced me to suddenly have to face some overwhelming emotions,” she said.Eventually, she sought out a counselor at Williams and began dealing with her loss. The experience was so rewarding that it persuaded her to pursue counseling. She went on to earn a Ph.D. in counseling psychology at the State University of New York, Albany.“While I would never have wished it to happen, that experience [of my father’s death] provided me with an increased sensitivity to a kind of pain or loss or experience that I otherwise wouldn’t have,” she said. “It’s forced me to gain a clearer understanding of myself and allowed me to better understand others.”In 2004, while on an interview for her predoctoral internship at the University of Pennsylvania, she met an intern named Rob Fazio. They discussed their shared interest in grief counseling.“He said something like, ‘So, who’d you lose?’ ” Hughes recalled. “It was the kind of direct question that only someone else who’s gone through loss would ask in that way.”It turned out Fazio had lost his father in the World Trade Center attack. He asked Hughes to join his new nonprofit organization, Hold the Door for Others Inc., which he envisioned as a national support network of counselors and survivors interested in working through the psychological trauma brought on by sudden loss.As a consultant for Hold the Door, Hughes now helps to create workbooks and other tools and leads group workshops. The organization also hosts a daylong summit every year, called Hold the Door Day, where roughly 100 participants attend workshops and group counseling sessions. This year’s event will take place Oct. 22 in Fort Lee, N.J.Over time, the annual gathering has become an informal meeting ground for families affected by 9/11. “It’s very much been a community for them,” she said.Now starting her sixth year at the BSC, Hughes relishes the opportunity to work with students. She and the bureau’s 10 other counselors, who operate under the umbrella of Behavioral Health and Academic Counseling, provide individual and group counseling, create and lead workshops on everything from study skills to adjusting to life at Harvard, and serve as liaisons to the undergraduate Houses to provide support to residential life staff.In addition to providing grief counseling and running her own private practice, Hughes works with students struggling with learning and attention disorders and perfectionism. While the latter is much more visible on campus than the former, she said, both problems can be exacerbated by Harvard’s rigorous workload.In a competitive and challenging environment, she said, counseling can give students the space to explore their fears, worries, or goals, just as she was able to do in therapy in the wake of her father’s death.“The college years are such a significant time where there’s so much change and possibility,” she said. “To work with someone and see that change happening — and to have them share that journey with you — is so rewarding.”The upcoming 10th anniversary of 9/11 can serve as a reminder, she said, that even after a decade grief persists.“I hope that the spotlight’s back on [the victims’ families] in a good way,” Hughes said. “I hope people can understand that, for these families, or for anyone who’s experienced loss, it’s not something that goes away.”But grieving can be transformed into a meaningful experience, as it was for her.“It’s a way of keeping my father’s memory alive, and it informs the work I do every day,” she said. “It’s always going to be hard, but it’s made me who I am.”
Harvard Law School has announced the appointment of Urs Gasser LL.M. ’03, executive director of the Berkman Center for Internet & Society, as a professor of practice.The professorships of practice at Harvard Law School are given to outstanding individuals whose teaching is informed by extensive expertise from the worlds of law practice, the judiciary, policy and governance.Gasser’s scholarship and teaching focus on information law and policy, society issues, and the interplay between law and innovation. His projects explore such topics as policy and educational challenges for young Internet users, the regulation of digital technology (currently with focus on cloud computing), ICT interoperability, information quality, the law’s impact on innovation and risk in the ICT space, cybersecurity, and alternative governance systems.Said HLS Dean Martha Minow: “Urs Gasser is an international leader in information law, internet use and governance, youth media, and the relationship between law and innovation. His work exploring how the Internet is promoting significant shifts in the information ecosystem has been pivotal, most recently in helping to launch the global Network of Internet & Society Centers, a collaborative initiative among academic institutions to advance new cross-national, cross-disciplinary research, teaching and engagement on the most pressing policy questions surrounding new technologies and social change. I could not be more delighted that he will take up this appointment as a professor of practice.”Read more on the Harvard Law School website. Read Full Story
Kathryne Robinson | The Observer Walsh Hall, pictured here, will undergo extensive renovations duringthe fall semester of 2016 and the spring semester of 2017. During thattime, Walsh residents will live in Pangborn Hall.On Jan. 13, the Division of Student Affairs sent an email alerting undergraduates of a new chapter in the housing system’s history. The email, signed by Vice President for Student Affairs Erin Hoffmann Harding, outlined dorm changes such as renovations, hall community relocations, and the opening of two new residence halls this fall.The email said the residential system is “a treasured and distinctive component of a Notre Dame education, and the University is dedicated to its continued vibrancy.” It listed overcrowding and the intention of advancing renovations as the main reasons for the dorm changes.As the first change as described by the email, the Pangborn Hall community and its rector, Sr. Mary Donnelly, will permanently move into the new women’s hall on the east side of campus.“This type of move will honor the personal relationships, traditions and strong sense of community that have been formed in Pangborn Hall and will continue to flourish among those same women in the new women’s residence hall,” Hoffmann Harding said in the email.Pangborn Hall resident and sophomore Allegra Wallingford said she thought the move would be positive overall for her dorm’s community.“I absolutely think these changes affect Pangborn residents positively, though some people were upset about the new location since it’s not close to South [Dining Hall],” Wallingford said. “I’m actually so excited to move to the new dorm. My hope is that the women of Pangborn transition well and become a larger, cohesive community with the other women who will live in the dorm.”Pangborn Hall resident and sophomore Caroline DeCorrevont said when the news broke, she initially witnessed an overwhelming excitement from the majority of the dorm’s residents.“I was excited about it from the start,” DeCorrevont said. “Mostly just because I know 20 years from now we can come back to campus and see this dorm that we were the first residents of.”While the Pangborn Hall community adjusts to a new building, the current Pangborn Hall building will be transformed into a “swing hall” for residents whose dorm building will be undergoing renovations. The first residents of this “swing hall” will be the Walsh community in the 2016-2017 school year and then Badin Hall in 2017-2018.Walsh Hall rector Liz Detwiler said she was excited at the announcement, emphasizing the building’s need for renovations.“When I was told that Walsh would receive a massive renovation on a scale that exceeded anything done before on this campus my initial reaction was relief,” Detwiler said in an email. “Walsh needs this renovation so badly, and I felt relieved that the University had heard my voice and the voices of Walsh women calling for building improvements.”Detwiler said that although she was excited Walsh would be restored to its original glory for future generations, the move would still be difficult due to the attachment the Walsh community had to the building.“It will take time for everyone to come to terms with their feelings about the temporary switch, but Walsh has always impressed me and I have every reason to believe we will rally and be even stronger,” she said. “We are a small community and this is a big moment for us and the only way I know how to do it is together. It’s how Walsh does everything: together.”According to the email sent to undergraduates, University leaders started a Residential Master Plan in 2006 and invested nearly 56 million dollars in renovations. Off-campus senior and former Walsh resident Erin Bishop said with a plan that was in the works for so many years, she wished she and the rest of the Walsh community would have received earlier notice.“The email was the first time anyone found out about it,” Bishop said. “While it would have been hard to hear in general, I think that coming from within the hall could have softened the blow slightly. I understand that the move is necessary for the future of Walsh, but I think the situation should have been handled much differently, especially if it’s been in the works since 2006.”Megan Ball, resident assistant and senior in Walsh Hall, said in an email that she is not worried about the move threatening Walsh’s close-knit community.“I think that it’s a great opportunity for Walsh to be renovated and made ready for the future,” Ball said. “Although the one-year ‘stay-cation’ won’t be glamorous, it’s a real opportunity for the Walsh community to demonstrate its tight bond and show that what makes our dorms here at Notre Dame is the people, not the building.”The second change for the upcoming school year will be the opening of the new men’s hall community, which will be led by current Carroll Hall rector Fr. Matt Kuczora. He said when he initially found out about his own move, he was shocked because he was still new to Carroll and had not finished his first semester as their rector. He said he found out right before Christmas break that he would be the new rector for the new dorm.“I’m really enjoying my time in Carroll, it’s a great dorm with wonderful traditions … and having to leave that after one year is going to be pretty tough,” Kuczora said. “However, they’re trying to build a community from the ground up and they needed a pastoral presence … to start something fresh.”Kuczora said becoming this new dorm’s rector was in line with his duty to be a priest for those in need. He said he saw a situation with people in need of a rector and it caught his eye.“I’m excited to deal with events in this new hall, get people excited, bring people together,” Kuczora said. “I want to encourage guys to take leadership and start things themselves.”Kuczora, a 2005 graduate of the University, was dance commissioner of St. Edward’s Hall during his sophomore year at Notre Dame and was instrumental to helping start the tradition of Yacht Dance. He said although it is unlikely that this new men’s dorm will also have their formal on a boat, he is excited about the idea of starting new traditions.“I’m looking for guys around campus who want to start something new and want to lay a foundation for a Notre Dame experience that can go on forever,” Kuczora said. “This is going to be historical and I’m looking forward to meeting guys who can do this kind of thing.”Tags: Carroll Hall, Pangborn Hall, Walsh Hall Interhall sports, signature events and mascots are just a few of the factors that contribute to the spirit and unique housing system at Notre Dame. With 29 residence halls, each possessing its own history, the housing system is one of the University’s most beloved traditions, and one that is about to change.
At first, Doster Harper didn’t think FFA or a career in agriculture was a good fit for him. But a science experiment about honeybees and some encouragement from his advisor and older students helped change his mind.Now a junior at the University of Georgia, Harper was named president of the 2020-21 National FFA Officer Team during the virtual National FFA Convention on Oct. 29. He was selected for the position after a grueling process including seven rounds of interviews and facilitating a workshop with students.Harper, an agriscience and environmental systems major in the College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences (CAES), plans to pursue a career in crop sciences but will take a year away from school to fulfill his duties for the organization.Nontraditional rootsGrowing up in suburban Atlanta, Georgia, Harper was passionate about science but originally thought about pursuing a career in health care.During his sophomore year of high school at Newton College and Career Academy, he needed a science fair topic. His agriscience teacher and FFA advisor Marcus Pollard suggested a honeybee topic, which could double as a Supervised Agricultural Experience (SAE) project. Pollard, a certified beekeeper, urged Harper to help him take care of the school’s colony. Ultimately, the project spurred an interest in crop protection and he now hopes to become a consultant for farmers.“That project taught me a lot about the sustainability and the importance of pollinators,” Harper said. “It taught me a lot about the dependence of crops on honeybees. It taught me how farmers can make their inputs on the farm as efficient as possible while making as minimal an impact as possible on the environment.”Harper ultimately received his American FFA Degree in 2019 — the highest award given in the organization to students who “have gone above and beyond to achieve excellence” — as the culmination of his hard work.Leader developmentAfter competing at the state convention, two chapter officers encouraged Harper to run for chapter office.“They saw something in me that I didn’t see in myself. I felt like an outsider up until then,” Harper said.Harper was elected chapter treasurer his junior year of high school and president the next. He went on to become a state officer his first year at UGA before deciding to run for national office. He wasn’t selected as a state delegate his first year running, so he sought another opportunity to get involved on campus and became a UGA Visitors Center student tour guide.“It felt like a calling to help other students realize where they wanted to go college,” said Harper, who originally treated UGA as one of his backup schools behind the military service academies. He ended up joining Army ROTC at UGA. “Even if UGA isn’t your first choice, no matter what your plan is, taking advantage of opportunities to serve was a message I wanted to share with prospective students.”Harper enjoys sharing his passion for agriculture on his tours. “If students ask how they can get involved in the ag industry, I tell them whatever they’re passionate about, there’s something for them in CAES,” he said.Inspiring studentsThe skills he’s learned interacting with students as a tour guide will help him as he takes on FFA national officer duties, which include traveling across the country to meet with students, one of the main reasons Harper says he ran for office.“Students are passionate about these conferences and events,” he said. “Being a leader and mentor to students, whether it’s having a conversation, preparing for an event or just sharing what it’s like to be an officer — we’re preparing the next generation of leaders who will change the world.”Harper hopes sharing his personal story will give younger students a better idea of how they can be plugged into the organization.“There’s a lot of folks out there who were probably in the same shoes I was. I kind of knew what I was passionate about, but I didn’t know what organizations were out there. FFA showed me what I want to do with my life, so I want to help other students realize that,” he said.For more information on National FFA Officers, visit ffa.org/national-ffa-officers.
Zutano, the Vermont-based designer of children’s clothing and toys and Northshire Bookstore, the Manchester, VT-based independent bookstore, are proud to announce that they will be launching a Zutano “store-within-a-store” in the upstairs children’s department on June 8th. The Zutano store captures the whimsical essence of Zutano, known for its one-of-a kind colorful patterns and stylish design. The space is modeled after Zutano’s flagship store in Montpelier as well as their store within New York City’s famed FAO Schwarz Toy Store. White-washed bead board wainscoting meets walls painted with Zutano’s signature sunny yellow. The center of the 250 sq. ft. space features an amazing sculptural display made of ‘tumbling’ red baby chairs with spaces for Zutano clothes to hang. A fantastic chandelier created from baby milk bottles casts a warm glow over the entire space. A fixture in the Manchester community for three decades, the Northshire Bookstore is intensely independent. They are deeply connected to the community, authors and Vermont. Housed in a historic, three-story 10,000-square-foot building, the Northshire Bookstore was founded by the Morrow family in 1976. The store, now run by the owners’ son Chris Morrow, has survived in this digital age through its relentless focus on customer service and listening to what customers want. It serves more that 200,000 customers a year, offers 35,000 titles and brings in authors to speak every week. It even provides a “Print on Demand’ service that can print customers’ books while they shop or enjoy lunch at the wonderful Spiral Press CafÃ©Zutano, available at more than 1,500 gift and specialty boutiques and retailers worldwide as well as on the web at select e-tailers and the Zutano e-boutique will offer its full product line, from newborn to toddler, of sweet and sophisticated designs to Northshire customers. The store will be staffed by a specially-trained Northshire employee who will know all of the facets of the Zutano product line.”We are thrilled to be working with the Northshire Bookstore, it’s an ideal Vermont business partnership come true,” says Michael Belenky, President of Zutano. “We share so many of the same business philosophies and lifelong dedication to our community in Vermont. Both Zutano and The Northshire have worked many years to build sustainable, long-term partnerships that are economically just and socially sound. Both companies create and nurture policies that help the community we live in thrive at its fullest potential. Being able to join forces and work together with such an anchor in the Manchester community is very special.” “We are really excited to have Zutano’s presence at the Northshire,” says Chris Morrow, owner of the Northshire Bookstore. “We are putting more and more effort into making our Children’s section world class. This is a great opportunity for both partners, as Zutano represents an internationally-respected brand with deep roots in Vermont and the store will be an amazing complement to our product offerings in the children’s department.”For Zutano, 2009 marks the company’s 20th year of creating the most colorful and creative clothing designs for children around the globe. Evolving from a New York City apartment into one of the most beloved and influential brands in children’s fashion, Zutano continues full-force as a category leader for design innovation and as a solid example of a sustainable global business in the hills of Vermont.The Northshire Bookstore is located at 4869 Main Street, Manchester Center, Vermont.Source: Zutano. Cabot, VT, June 8, 2009 –
Dear EarthTalk: What are the environmental impacts of all the de-icing and snow removal taking place on roads everywhere in the wake of all the recent storms? — Benjamin P Sander, via e-mailThe act of removing pure white snow seems innocuous enough, but it is actually fraught with negative environmental side effects. One major concern is the snow’s salt content, as most locales use sodium chloride (rock salt) to de-ice roads. But this salt can make nearby freshwater ecosystems uninhabitable for plant and wildlife species, and can affect the quality and taste of local drinking water supplies.Besides salt, removed snow contains accumulated amounts of antifreeze, engine oil, rubber and metal deposits from tire wear, and heaps of plastic litter, cigarette butts and other waste which is also poisonous to local ecosystems no matter where it ends up.Researchers in Toronto, Ontario have found that at least one local snow dump has been wreaking havoc in the nearby Don River. “Road salt adversely affects sensitive species when it exceeds 200 milligrams per liter of water,” reports journalist Michael Lehan. “Almost half of the test results taken between 2002 and 2005 in the river exceeded that, and the highest concentration recorded was almost 4,000 milligrams per liter.” The result, he says, is that the river can barely support life. “Only six pollution resistant fish species…can be found in the river.” Across town in the city’s west end, the Humber River—which doesn’t have a snow dump to contend with—supports some 30 species of fish.Many regions are working on ways to green their snow removal processes. In Maryland, for example, road crews are pre-treating major roadways with brine, a saltwater solution that helps prevent snow and ice from sticking and thus reduces the amount of salt needed after a storm. The state is also experimenting with a beet juice and brine mix with the hope that it will stick to roads better and prevent snow and ice build-up. Massachusetts pre-treats roads with magnesium chloride to help prevent incoming snow and ice from sticking, and also uses a sodium chloride and calcium chloride mix on icy roads in environmentally sensitive areas and when the temperature gets too low (below 20 degrees Fahrenheit) for rock salt to be effective. According to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), using de-icers properly can cut down on the amount applied overall and improve road conditions.Regardless of how much and what de-icers a given locale chooses to use, where the resulting removed snow ends up is the most important environmental consideration. In New Hampshire, another state that’s no stranger to snow, state officials require the placement of a silt fence between snow dumps and any nearby waterways, and have mandated that snow storage areas be at least 400 feet from municipal wells.Of course, those who complain about the environmental effects of snow removal should consider the root cause of the problems: The concentrated hazards in snow dumps—from rock salt to motor oil—are mostly a direct result of our society’s reliance on the private automobile. While asking your local and state government to green up their snow removal operations is one way to help, another is to choose mass transit or carpool whenever you can, and to convince as many friends as you can to do likewise.CONTACTS: Maryland Department of Transportation, www.mdot.maryland.gov; Massachusetts Department of Transportation, www.massdot.state.ma.us; U.S. EPA, www.epa.gov.SEND YOUR ENVIRONMENTAL QUESTIONS TO: EarthTalk®, P.O. Box 5098, Westport, CT 06881; firstname.lastname@example.org. Read past columns at: www.emagazine.com/earthtalk/archives.php. EarthTalk® is now a book! Details and order information at: www.emagazine.com/earthtalkbook.
By Ricardo Guanipa D’erizans/Diálogo December 20, 2019 After weeks of protests in Bolivia, service members of the Andean country changed their position and supported the protesters. William Kaliman, commander of the Bolivian Armed Forces, urged Evo Morales to step down to ensure peace in the country, leading to the president’s resignation on November 10.Bolivia’s events might have fueled some hope among Nicolás Maduro’s opponents in Venezuela, yet service members continue to support the regime. To discuss the issue, Diálogo spoke with Venezuela’s Bolivarian National Guard Brigadier General (ret.) Marco Ferreira, in exile in the United States since 2002, who headed the Administrative Service of Identification, Migration and Foreigners, formerly known as ONIDEX under Hugo Chávez.Diálogo: Why, despite the numerous protests that have taken place in Venezuela, doesn’t the National Bolivarian Armed Force (FANB, in Spanish) demand Nicolás Maduro’s resignation?Bolivarian National Guard Brigadier General (ret.) Marco Ferreira: Military leadership in Venezuela is weak, highly politicized, and blackmailed by the Maduro government. The wrongdoings within the Venezuelan Armed Force [have gone on] for many years. Classes that have graduated [in recent years] aren’t purely military. There is no military vocation; most of them enrolled seeking economic benefits, rather than to defend the nation.Diálogo: Juan Guaidó has been recognized as Venezuela’s legitimate president by more than 50 countries. Why, despite his efforts to get closer to the FANB, has he been unsuccessful in influencing their loyalty to Maduro?Brig. Gen. Ferreira: The military leaders are not only enemies of the opposition but also friends of Nicolás Maduro. There is complicity in the higher echelons, and there is fear and resentment in the lower ranks.Diálogo: Do you think that the FANB might feel hopeful that the success in Bolivia, meaning Evo Morales’ exit, might be replicated in Venezuela?Brig. Gen. Ferreira: The Armed Forces are heavily influenced and subjugated. The leadership is 100 percent loyal to Nicolás Maduro.Diálogo: Has the FANB become Maduro’s political party?Brig. Gen. Ferreira: That’s not true; the Armed Forces continue to be an institution ruled by the norms of obedience, discipline, and subordination, but we should also add fear and extortion. Venezuelan service members don’t have the strength or desire to revolt.Diálogo: Has the FANB’s destruction been orchestrated by the regime to guarantee their loyalty?Brig. Gen. Ferreira: In all honesty, they are victims like the rest of Venezuelans, due to the destruction of the country’s productive means. Most service members are resorting to smuggling anything they can; they sell their service firearms and ammunition; they steal fuel from official vehicles to send it to Colombia. They are not an armed force anymore, really, but a filibuster group trying to survive. The regime forgives all these lapses and crimes, but the one thing it does not forgive is insubordination against Maduro.